From Suzuki Wiki
The Autozam AZ-1, known as the framecode PG6SA, is a MR layout two-seat Sports car Kei car, designed and manufactured by Suzuki but sold by Mazda under its Autozam brand. It debuted in October 1992 until production ceased in 1994, and was perhaps most noted for its Gullwing door. Power came from the same Suzuki-sourced 657 cc Turbocharged engine used by the Mazda Carol that produced 64 PS (47 kW) at 6500 rpm and 85 N·m (63 ft·lbf) at 4000 rpm. Suzuki produced its own Badge engineered version named the Suzuki Cara (PG6SS).
The proposal for the AZ-1 goes as far back as 1985 when Suzuki created the Suzuki RS/1 as a midship sports car project for volume production . Suzuki went as far to design the car for the Tokyo Motor Show more than just a design exercise, they designed the car to be functional with a front/rear Weight distribution of 45:55. powered by a 1.3 liter G13A engine from the Cultus.
This was followed up by the Tatsumi Fukunaga designed RS/3, unveiled for the 1987 Tokyo Motor Show, retaining many of its design features of the predecessor but many of its design features were worked on to meet Japanese safety regulations as well as being a practical sports car. Unfortunately, the project was abandoned in favor of the roadster project they had been working on, named later as the Cappuccino.
Mazda's design team, led by Toshiko Hirai, who was also responsible for the Mazda MX-5, took over the design project, despite having a limited budget and capacity.
The redesigned cars, constructed in Tube frame with floors and Bulkhead constructed from Aluminium Honeycomb, clad in three different bodystyles constructed in fibreglass. The cars were constructed around the Kei car regulation of the time (maximum length 126 inches (3,200 mm), maximum engine capacity 550 cc), until this was changed for the following March, hence its model name, AZ-550 Sports.
First introduced at the 1989 Tokyo Motor Show as the AZ-550 with three versions. First one of these, the Type A was a red sports car with Hidden headlamps, front Air vent and a distinctive Ferrari Testarossa inspired side Strake but most distinctive of all design features were the Gull-wing door.
Type B, themed as "High-tuned pure sports", was inspired by the trends in the tuning industry and in current Concept car design, featuring greenhouse Pyramid roof without a rearward sweep to the C-pillar. It had a racing car inspired interior, unlike Type A, it was aiming for the rough and spartan look and was the only model that a more conventional forward door hinging. It featured a pair of bulging Headlamp and incorporated dual Muffler.
Type C, had a more distinctive body design as it was inspired by Mazda's Group C Sports car racing, incorporating its signature colour scheme of blue on white and its number it bore at the 24 hours of Le Mans. Featuring a bigger air intake than the former two, venting to the forward-positioned radiator and exits it along the front rim of the cowl. There are many design cues typical to an endurance racer such as the wing mirror and BBS Kraftfahrzeugtechnik AG style brake-cooling Hubcap. Compared to the Type B, this version was far more spartan in comparison
As the cars were well received by the visiting public and the motoring press, Mazda executives decided on production of the car. Although Type C was the better received of the three, it was Type A that was given the greenlight by executives as they believed that it would be the model that would become the most commercially accepted by the buying public of them all. The Type A would only receive a minor design alteration prior to production as the pop-up was dropped in favour of the fixed unit, purely for structural rigidity reason. The front air vent was the other design alteration made to the car prior to production.
The car took three years to get into production as the engineering team changed the car's internal skeleton frame to steel to allow for further rigidity.
Much of the development work was in the United Kingdom despite it was never intended to be sold outside Japan.
The car was made available to the buying public on September 1992, with two colour options, Siberia Blue and Classic Red, both came with Venetian Gray lower panels. Each cars were sold through the Autozam dealer network in Japan.
Unfortunately by the time car came into production, the Japanese asset price bubble had just came into force. Selling for 1,498 million JPY (the equivalent of $12,400), it was slightly less than a Eunos Roadster, but marginally higher than its competitor, the Honda Beat selling at 1,388 million JPY and the Suzuki Cappuccino at 1,458 million JPY, the AZ-1 was considered to be too expensive and too cramped, both for a kei car, the car failed to sell within its target of 800 per month, even in the midst of an economic Recession, production of the car ended after the following year, but Mazda had plenty of stocks to shift off.
With the total production of 4,392 over a year, plus 531 for the Cara version (mentioned later in the article) to 28,010 to the Cappuccino and 33,600 for the Beat, both with production reaching into the latter half of the 1990s; this makes the AZ-1 the rarest of the kei sports car.
In a bid to shift unsold stocks, Mazda made effort to produce special versions. First one was the Type L option, featuring an enhanced audio system, including a Sub-woofer at the boot space. There was no exterior changes made to the car.
Mazda also introduced the Mazdaspeed version to reflect on parts that were available for the car, the A-spec, the Body kit features an enhanced Bonnet, front Spoiler (automotive) and rear wing. Unlike the production version, the car came in an all-red or blue body colour. It also came with a host of options including Shock absorber with sports Spring (device) set, strut bars for the front and rear, Limited slip differential, enhanced Air filter, Stainless steel and Ceramic muffler. It also came with its own brand of Alloy wheel as opposed to the production's steel wheels.
The most distinguishing part of the car is the front Fog light incorporated into the bonnet, all new front bumper and rear spoiler. The car came in three different colours, white, black and silver, like the Mazdaspeed version, the car came entirely painted.
Fifty were to be produced and sold by the M2 dealer, but only managed to sell almost half of its stocks, the dealer covered its loss by selling the body parts individually. A genuine "M2 1015" can be identified by the rear emblem stating the version name.
- See Ja:スズキ・キャラ in Japanese wikipedia
The AZ-1 was also sold by Suzuki as the Cara, with only minor detail changes including the addition of fog lamps.
Although the M2 1015 was the only version sold by the dealer, M2 also created other versions purely for show purposes and to test market their cars.
M2 1014 was a One-off off road inspired car built for the 1993 Tokyo Motor Show with design cues coming from the Lamborghini Cheetah. M2 1015A is a rally inspired featuring auxiliaries of a rally car including a pair Spotlight detached on the bottom of the bonnet. The M2 1015B incorporated a detachable top roof, instead of being constructed of Glass, it was constructed in Plastic.
Cult tuning company and rotary specialist, RE Amemiya produced another one off example for the Tokyo Auto Salon, influenced by the AZ-550 Type-C but longer and wider, incorporating a Mazda Wankel engine Wankel rotary engine, mounted Longitudinal engine. The only part of the car that has traces of the original AZ-1 is the gullwing door.
There was also a one off version built in 1996 named Abarth Scorpione commissioned by Shiro Kosaka, a renowned collector of Abarth sports cars, with numerous design cues from its genuine and rare namesake. The car is entirely rebodied at a cost of ¥1 million for the body alone, plus another ¥1 million for painting and fitting. The genuine car in fact feature a conventional opening doors. For further details refer to this article (Japanese)
An AZ-1 was built for the Metal Heroes Tokusatsu series Blue SWAT. The car, known as CV-1 Striker EX was driven by team leader Shou Narumi The car, distinctive by the Roll cage mounted outside the car, featured a combination Titanium Alloy, Tungsten Steel and Carbon fiber for body armour and features Bulletproof glass. Its Gas turbine engine propel the car up to 312km/h.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 RS Prototype
- ↑ RS-1
- ↑ AZ Prototype
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Production
- ↑ AZ-1
- ↑ 世界最小のスーパーカー（笑）AZ-1のページ:History of AZ-1
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 世界最小のスーパーカー（笑）AZ-1のページ:AZ-1 at the time of the motor show
- ↑ Model B
- ↑ Model C
- ↑ Development
- ↑ Page 2
- ↑ Honda Beat 1993 (used, imported, new): pics, specs, performance
- ↑ Suzuki Cappuccino 1991 (used, imported, new): pics, specs, performance
- ↑ 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.5 14.6 14.7 世界最小のスーパーカー（笑）AZ-1のページ:AZ-1 after mass-production
- ↑ The Cappuccino Story, Suzuki Cappuccino Owners Register for Enthusiasts (SCORE).
- ↑ Honda Beat Information
- ↑ The Trail - the history of MAZDASPEED:AZ-1 (PG) A-spec
- ↑ MAZDA DREAM CARS - Free VIN Check, VIN Number Check, Vehicle History Report, Used Car History, Lemon Car Check, Free Vin Check
- ↑ 19.0 19.1 Motortrader:On the ring road to the west of Tokyo Ray Hutton visits Mazdas dealership with a difference a centre that takes on board the end users sentiments:
- ↑ 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 世界最小のスーパーカー（笑）AZ-1のページ:AZ-1 As a Show Model
- ↑ Abarth Scorpione
- ↑ Bandai Blue Swat CV-1 Striker EX Mazda AZ-1 1/24
- ↑ 世界最小のスーパーカー（笑）AZ-1のページ:Novelty fellow, AZ-1