Suzuki Hayabusa

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Suzuki Hayabusa
Also calledGSX1300R, "Busa", "Bus"
Production1999 - present
ClassHyper sport
RelatedSuzuki B-King

The Suzuki Hayabusa (also known as the GSX1300R in some countries) is a hyper sport motorcycle originally introduced by Suzuki in 1999. It has a 1340 cc (81.7 cu in) inline-4 engine and was consistently tested as the fastest production motorcycle in the world before the 2001 detuning agreement referred below.[1] The 2008 model has a MSRP of US$11,999.



The name Hayabusa translates directly from the Japanese as Peregrine Falcon, the bird said to be capable of speeds of over 200 mph (322 km/h) — and predator of (perhaps not coincidently) the common blackbird. The name is a subtle reference to Honda's competing Hawk models. When introduced in 1999, it overtook the Honda CBR1100XX Super Blackbird as the fastest production motorcycle. The first generation of the Hayabusa was called the GSX1300R and was powered by a 1299 cc (79.2 cu in) inline-4 liquid-cooled engine. It remained substantially unchanged up through the 2007 model year.

The motorcycle in stock form was capable of the following performance:

  • 1/4 mile (402 m): 10.02 seconds @ 143.7 mph (231 km/h)[2]
  • 60–80 mph: 3.13 seconds[2]
  • 80–100 mph: 3.31 seconds[2]
  • Top speed: 189.6 mph (305 km/h)[2]
  • Power: 156.1 hp (116.4 kW) @ 9,500 rpm (rear wheel)[2]


2008 Hayabusa

Competition in the hyper sport bike segment increased with the release of motorcycles like the BMW K1200S, Kawasaki Ninja ZX-12R, and Kawasaki Ninja ZX-14. This increased competition led to Suzuki heavily revising the GSX1300R for the 2008 model year.[3] Suzuki has dropped the GSX1300R designation in some countries and simply called the motorcycle the Hayabusa. The engine size was increased to 1340 cc (81.7 cu in) with the compression ratio increasing to 12.5:1. The revised engine has a claimed 12% increase in power to 194 hp (145 kW).[4][5]

Fuel is now fed through a pair of new 44 mm (1.7 in) Suzuki Dual Throttle Valve (SDTV) throttle bodies. The Suzuki Drive Mode Selector (S-DMS), a technology introduced on the GSX-R line of motorcycles, provides three options of power delivery for a range of touring to wide open high performance. Some of the more notable features include a new 4-2-1-2 exhaust system meets Euro 3 and EPA Tier 2 emission regulations, a slipper clutch, and redesigned bodywork..

The motorcycle in stock form is capable of the following performance:


1999-2007 2008-2009
Engine 1299 cc (79 cu in), 4-stroke, four-cylinder, liquid-cooled, DOHC, 16-valve 1340 cc (82 cu in), 4-stroke, four-cylinder, liquid-cooled, DOHC, 16-valve
Bore Stroke 81.0 x 63.0 mm 81.0 x 65.0 mm
Compression Ratio 11.0:1 12.5:1
Power 171.1 hp (128 kW)[5] 197 hp (147 kW)[5]
Torque 93.4 lb·ft (127 N·m) @ 6750 rpm[5] 102.3 lb·ft (139 N·m)[5]
Fuel System Keihin/Denso Fuel Injection Fuel Injection
Lubrication Wet sump
Ignition Digital/Transistorized
Transmission 6-speed, constant mesh
Final Drive #530 chain
Overall Length 2140 mm (84.3 in) 2195 mm (86.4 in)
Overall Width 740 mm (29.1 in)
Overall Height 1155 mm (45.5 in) 1170 mm (46.1 in)
Seat Height 805 mm (31.7 in)
Ground Clearance 120 mm (4.7 in)
Wheelbase 1485 mm (58.5 in)
Dry Weight 218 kg (481 lb)
220 kg (485 lb) CA. model
250.5 kg (552 lb)
Suspension Front Inverted telescopic, coil spring, fully adjustable spring preload, 14-way adjustable rebound damping and 13-way adjustable compression damping Inverted telescopic, coil spring, fully adjustable spring preload, adjustable rebound damping and adjustable compression damping
Suspension Rear Link-type, gas/oil damped, fully adjustable spring preload, 22-way adjustable compression & rebound damping Link-type, gas/oil damped, fully adjustable spring preload, adjustable compression & rebound damping
Brakes Front 6-pot Tokico calipers on 320mm stainless steel discs
Brakes Rear Single hydraulic disc
Tires Front 120/70-ZR-17
Tires Rear 190/50-ZR-17
Fuel Tank Capacity 21 l (5.5 US gal)
19.0 l (5.0 US gal) CA. model
21 l (5.5 US gal)
20.0 l (5.3 US gal) CA. model
Colors 1999: Silver/Copper Brown, Black/Gray, Red/Black.
2000: Blue/Silver, Red/Silver, Silver.
2001: Blue/Silver, Black/Silver.
2002: Blue/Black, Silver/Gray, Midnight Black (Limited Edition).
2003: Silver/Gray, Black/Gray, Black, Midnight Black (Canadian Limited Edition), Golden Orange (the US 40th Anniversary model).
2004: Blue/Silver, Black/Purple, Limited Red
2005: Blue/Silver, Black/Gray, Red/Black(New graphics)
2006: Blue/Silver, Black/Gray, Red/Black.
2007: Black, Red, Blue, White/Sliver (UK Limited Edition)
2008: Orange/Black, Gray/Black, White/Silver, Blue/Black

2009: White/Silver, Black/Gray, Gray/Silver, Black/Gold


2000 GSX1300R "Hayabusa"

After its introduction, the major Japanese motorcycle manufacturers realized that the power and speed wars among flagship sport bikes would not end and would eventually lead to increased government regulation. For the model years 2001 to 2008, a timing retard was added in 6th gear, as well as an earlier rev limiter (10200 RPM V.S. 11000 RPM). This limited the top speed from the 1999/2000 model's 198 mph (319 km/h) to a new maximum of 186 mph (299 km/h).


From its debut in 1999 to June 2007 over 100,000 Hayabusas were sold worldwide[6]. In the United States during the year 2005 over 10,000 units were sold.[7] For 2006 in the US sales of the Hayabusa were twice that of the Kawasaki ZX-14, which was being released that year. [8] And again for the year over 10,000 units were sold in the US.[9]

Overall, sales in the US have increased year after year since its release in 1999 until 2006 and went from just a few thousand units in 1999 to over 10,000 in 2006.[10][9] Worldwide yearly sales statistics are not known.

Other uses

The high-powered lightweight engine in the Hayabusa lends itself to non-motorcycle applications. The Westfield Megabusa is an English sports car, based on the Lotus Seven, which uses the Hayabusa engine.[11] The engine has also been used in Smart two-seater city cars (Smart Diablo), although these have only been experimental conversions, not production models.


  1. Performance figures from Cycleworld June 2000, Performance Bikes June 2000, Sportbike Magazine June 2000, Motorcyclist Magazine June 2000, Bikenet Online, Bike Magazine - UK, May 2000
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "GSX1300R Performance Numbers" (HTML). Sport Rider. October 2005. Retrieved on 2007-02-23. 
  3. Edge, Dirck (2007-06-27). "Suzuki Introduces 1300 cc Hayabusa, B-King, and Fuel-Injected RM-Z450 Motocrosser" (HTML). Motorcycle Daily. Retrieved on 2007-12-17. "An all-new 2008 Hayabusa featuring a 1340 cc (81.7 cu in) engine with a claimed eleven percent increase in performance headlines this late June announcement..." 
  4. Hilderbrand, JC (2007-06-29). "2008 Suzuki Hayabusa and B-King" (HTML). Retrieved on 2007-07-29. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 "Suzuki GSX1300R Hayabusa (2007-current)". Motorcycle News. Retrieved on 2008-01-04. 
  6. Cycle World - First Look: 2008 Suzuki Hayabusa
  7. 2006 ZX-14 vs. Hayabusa -
  8. 2008 Suzuki GSX1300R Hayabusa - Sport Rider Magazine
  9. 9.0 9.1 Suzuki Hayabusa - Motorcyclist Magazine
  10. 2006 ZX-14 vs. Hayabusa Comparison Bike Test - Motorcycle USA
  11. "SE Megabusa". Westfield Sportscars Ltd. Retrieved on 2008-12-02. 

External links